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Kinijos Liaudies išlaisvinimo armija / Zhōngguó rénmín jiěfàngjūn / 中国人民解放军

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  • #31

    Китай получил огромный заказ на новейшие ударные дроны Wing-Loong II

    Китай делает успехи в создании разведывательно-ударных беспилотных летательных аппаратов. 28 февраля, портал сообщил о том, что компания Chengdu Aircraft Industry Group (входит в состав авиационно-промышленной корпорации AVIC) провела первые летные испытания БПЛА Wing-Loong II («Птеродактиль 2»).

    «Этот полет отмечает новое поколение китайских ударно-разведывательных БПЛА. После США Китай становится второй страной, способной создать подобные ударно-разведывательные БПЛА нового поколения», – сообщил главный конструктор беспилотников серии Wing-Loong II Ли Йидун.

    Почти сразу же стало известно, что на новый ударный беспилотник уже есть заказ от реального покупателя. Представители компании разработчика также уточнили, что новый контракт стал самым успешным для китайских беспилотных аппаратов. Неназванному покупателю будет передано рекордное количество новейших китайских ударных беспилотников.

    По словам Ли Йидуна, Wing-Loong II – боевая машина, по своим возможностям сопоставимая с американскими беспилотниками MQ-9 Reaper. Длина китайского дрона составляет 11 м, высота – 4,1 м, размах крыльев – 20,5 м. Wing-Loong II может находиться в полете до 20 часов без дозаправки, максимальная высота полета – 9 км, скорость полета достигает 340 км/ч.

    «Птеродактиль» оснащен разведывательным модулем и способен нести ракеты с лазерным наведением, а также корректируемые бомбы со спутниковым наведением. Максимальный взлетный вес беспилотника составляет 9 т, из которых 480 кг приходится на боевую нагрузку. В ходе первого полета Wing-Loong II пробыл в воздухе около получаса, подтвердив характеристики, заявленные разработчиками.



    • #32
      Stratfor rašo apie Kinijos KJP. Nebloga apžvalga su šiek tiek skaičių. Įdomesnes vietas paryškinau.

      China's Navy Takes a Bow

      Forecast Highlights
      • Even as China continues to prioritize its near-seas defense, it will accelerate the development of its navy's ability to project considerable force far from the Chinese mainland.
      • While China already has made considerable strides in developing the necessary components for a globally operating navy, a number of obstacles will limit its global maritime ambitions.
      • Beijing will continue to build up its naval strength in the years to come, but it will continue to lag the U.S. Navy's force projection capabilities for decades to come.

      In many ways, China's rise has been built on the back of its seagoing fleet. Chinese commercial shipping helped carry its economy to global prominence. And its bulked-up naval forces allow it not only to back up its maritime claims in the South and East China seas, but also to increasingly project power far beyond its shores. Now, China's shipbuilding prowess — and its global reach — have taken a demonstrable leap forward with the completion of its first fully domestically built aircraft carrier.

      Externally, the Type 001A aircraft carrier, which launched April 26 after 3 1/2 years of construction, is similar to China's first aircraft carrier, the Liaoning, which the country built atop the hulk of a stripped-down surplus Ukrainian ship. The new carrier features the same ski jump-style takeoff ramp as the Liaoning but incorporates internal features that make it more operationally effective. The technical advances in China's growing carrier program, alongside the rapid development of other aspects of Chinese naval power, point to Beijing growing ability to fulfill its global aspirations and naval ambitions.

      The Chinese navy's principal mission remains the "offshore waters defense" of claimed Chinese territory, both the territorial waters 12 nautical miles from its mainland and its maritime claims in the South and East China seas. Those near seas encompass the waters ringed by the series of islands stretching from Japan to the Philippines to Indonesia, which the Chinese dub the "first island chain." To defend those claims, the Chinese have developed a layered approach to denying sea access by other countries. That strategy employs a combination of fast-attack missile craft, submarines, and the land-based anti-ship cruise and ballistic missiles of China's Rocket Force rather than large surface ships to counter and intercept encroaching ships and aircraft. The First Island Chain and Shipping Routes

      Even as China has continued to prioritize its near-seas defense however, Beijing has increasingly turned its focus over the past decade toward enhancing its ability to project force into the "far seas" well away from the mainland. In large part, this was a natural extension of China's rise as a global power. Not only does China currently have economic and security interests on numerous continents, its maritime trade encompasses the world, creating the need for its navy to provide protection on the open seas. Squadrons of Chinese destroyers and frigates have patrolled the Indian Ocean and the Gulf of Aden on counter-piracy missions since 2008, and Beijing has begun dispatching its navy on increasingly wide-ranging forays, providing its personnel with critical experience in blue-water operations.

      The Importance of Chinese Shipbuilding

      China's global maritime ambitions have been bolstered by a domestic shipbuilding industry that over the past decade has proved remarkably capable at producing large numbers of top-line warships and supply vessels. Indeed, China is already working on its third aircraft carrier, the Type 002. That vessel is expected to use a catapult-assisted takeoff and arrested recovery system that would allow it to launch and land larger aircraft with greater payloads than a ski jump system is capable of doing. Eventually, China is expected to possess a six-ship carrier fleet, allowing its navy to have four in operation at a time, which would give it a capability second only to that of the U.S. Navy.

      Although its carrier program represents perhaps the most potent symbol of Beijing's push to modernize its navy, it is not its most remarkable achievement. China has taken recent strides to develop a powerful surface combatant force, including the mass production of top-of-the-line Type 052D destroyers, as well as the nascent Type 055 heavy destroyer program, with four vessels under simultaneous production. The Type 055 represents a large stride forward for the Chinese navy. When completed, that class will qualify as among the best in the world, if not the most powerful overall. Heavy destroyers, which are vital parts of China's naval fleet, can serve as flagships for surface action groups and indispensable air defense escorts for carriers.

      The Chinese navy has also invested heavily in developing and building auxiliary vessels that are key elements in an oceangoing navy. In the last decade alone, it has launched numerous ships that play roles in weapons trials, hydrographic surveys, intelligence-gathering and icebreaking. Just as important is its growing fleet of resupply and replenishment vessels, which are vital to sustaining far-flung warship deployments. Indeed, the Chinese navy already possesses the world's second-largest replenishment fleet and has sought to expand its global maritime logistics footprint.

      Finally, Beijing has continued to invest in expeditionary amphibious warfare capabilities. While China is nowhere close to having the number of such vessels it would need to launch a full-scale invasion of Taiwan, it has built an amphibious landing fleet sufficient to press its claims in the South China Sea or take on modest contingency missions in distant waters. The core of this fleet is currently made up of Type 071 vessels that feature a landing platform dock. Construction has begun on vessels that will offer a full flight deck, the Type 075, extending China's amphibious capabilities in aviation.

      The Chinese Navy's Shortcomings

      China has made tremendous strides in developing the components it needs to build a navy capable of global operations, including improving and intensifying the training of officers and crews. But a number of obstacles will hold back that ambition. China has fallen behind leading nations in the development of nuclear submarine capabilities, particularly in making subs that can operate quietly. In the current age, dependable and effective nuclear submarines are a critical part of the navies of any seafaring nation with global blue-water ambitions. With their endurance, speed and armament, nuclear subs can fill multiple roles: hunting enemy submarines, escorting carrier groups, and attacking enemy shipping among them.

      China also has a long way to go in modernizing its anti-submarine warfare capabilities. Chinese naval squadrons, particularly those operating with insufficient land-based air cover, would be highly vulnerable to submarine attack. China is only now beginning to make considerable progress in anti-submarine warfare with new helicopter programs and the development of the Type 054B frigate, which is optimized to counter submarines.

      Perhaps the biggest obstacle to Chinese global naval maritime ambitions, however, lies in geography. Its long-standing rivals occupy the first island chain. In peacetime, the Chinese can simply sail through that chain without a problem. But if a conflict involving the United States broke out, the U.S. Navy and U.S. allies could harass and destroy any Chinese naval squadrons attempting to pass through the island chokepoints, where antiship missile batteries and ambushing submarines lie in wait. Indeed, this daunting constraint is a key factor driving the Chinese ambition to eventually retake control of Taiwan, which offers open access to the waters beyond the first island chain.

      In the 1980s, China possessed at best a third-rate naval force focused only on defending its territorial waters, outgunned by its regional rivals and without hope of projecting global power. But over the past 30 years, it has made some truly remarkable strides. If China does not already possess what could be considered the second most powerful navy on the planet today, it soon undisputably will. And as the years progress, China is poised to add even greater firepower and capabilities to its already potent fleet while working to correct the weaknesses in its core submarine and anti-submarine warfare abilities. However, even though Beijing appears ready to continue expanding its global maritime reach, it will take decades, at the least, before China's navy could hope to match the world's top navy — that of the United States — in its ability to project force around the world.
      The supreme art of war is to subdue the enemy without fighting - Sun Tzu


      • #33
        Fotoreportažas iš 112-osios mechanizuotos PLA divizijos, priklausančios 38-ajai armijų grupei, pratybų:

        Учения 112 механизированной дивизии 38-й армейской группы НОАК, 2017.03.24


        • #34

          Kinija kuria karinį laivą, kokio neturi net amerikiečiai: plauks ir paviršiumi, ir po vandeniu

          Skaitykite daugiau:

          Kinija kuria ypatingą karinį laivą, kuris gali greitai pakeisti jėgų pusiausvyrą vietiniuose vandenyse. Vadinamasis „Arsenalo laivas“ galės plaukti virš vandens paviršiaus ar panėręs ir turės šimtus ar net tūkstančius raketų paleidimo vamzdžių. Tiesa, Kinija nėra pirmoji valstybė, kuri apie tokį laivą pagalvojo...


          • #35
            Kinija toliau aktyviai didina jūrinę galią.


            • #36
              Šiek tiek vaizdinės medžiagos apie tą naują Type 55

              China boosts naval power with Asia’s most advanced warship
              The Type 055 destr
              oyer is similar in size to the US Navy’s Arleigh Burke class ships and is billed as a major step forward for Chinese sea power
              “In some respects – such as the size, radar system, missile capacity and the multifunctionality in use – the Type 055 has now caught up, or at least it’s on the same level as the United States’ main *destroyer,” Li Jie, a Beijing-based naval expert, said.
              Įdomu, kiek čia tiesos? Kiek tas laivas tikrai geriausias Azijoje (aišku, neskaitant JAV laivų regione)?
              The supreme art of war is to subdue the enemy without fighting - Sun Tzu


              • #37
                Labai retas tokio pobūdžio interviu su vienu iš Kinijos karininkų ir gynybos ministerijos oficialų. Angliškai su Singapūro Channel News Asia. Kalba jis įprastomis temomis ir laikosi įprastos linijos dėl Kinijos karinio vaidmens pasaulyje (Kinija siekia taikos, nesiekia su niekuo konfrontuoti, etc,), bet pats faktas, kad toks interviu vyko ir jis vyko angliškai, yra gana įdomus.

                The supreme art of war is to subdue the enemy without fighting - Sun Tzu


                • #38

                  Kinijos kariai siunčiami į pirmąją šalies karinę bazę užsienyje

                  Kinija išsiuntė karių į savo pirmąją užsienyje įkurtą karinių jūrų pajėgų bazę Džibutyje, ir tai yra didelis žingsnis į priekį, šaliai plečiant savo vaidmenį tarptautinėje arenoje.

                  Kinų jūreiviai antradienį išplaukė iš karinio laivyno bazės Džandziange pietinėje Guangdongo provincijoje ir plaukia minėtos Rytų Afrikos valstybės link, sakoma Gynybos ministerijos interneto svetainėje paskelbtame pareiškime. Logistikos bazė Džibutyje yra pirmas tokio pobūdžio Kinijos objektas. Ji bus naudojama „laivyno eskortavimui Afrikoje ir pietvakarių Azijoje, (Jungtinių Tautų) taikos palaikymo ir humanitarinės pagalbos“ operacijoms, nurodoma pareiškime.
                  Bazė taip pat sudarys sąlygas Kinijai krizės atvejais evakuoti savo piliečius, remti veiksmus prieš piratavimą prie Somalio krantų ir kartu su kitomis šalimis „ ginti strateginės reikšmės laivybos kelių saugumą“. Kinijos karinis laivynas jau seniai padeda vykdyti kovos su piratavimu misijas Adeno įlankoje ir JT taikos palaikymo operacijas visoje Afrikoje. Vis dėlto šalis anksčiau niekada neturėjo karinio laivyno bazės užsienyje. Bazę Džibutyje Kinija pradėjo statyti 2016 metų vasarį, vos už kelių kilometrų nuo vienintelės nuolatinės amerikiečių bazės Afrikoje – Kemp Lemonjė. Džibutyje, turinčiame tik apie 800 tūkst. žmonių, taip pat dislokuota Prancūzijos ir Japonijos karių. Kinijos užsienio reikalų ministerijos atstovas Geng Shuangas trečiadienį sakė, kad bazė „pirmiausia naudojama geresniam tarptautinių įsipareigojimų vykdymui“. „Kinija yra įsipareigojusi taikiai plėtrai. Kinijos gynybos politika iš esmės yra gynybinė. Tai nepakito“, – pridūrė jis. Birželio mėnesio ataskaitoje JAV gynybos departamentas nurodė, kad ši strateginėje vietoje esanti bazė „drauge su reguliariais karinio laivyno laivų apsilankymais užsienio uostuose ir atspindi, ir plečia didėjančią Kinijos įtaką, didindama jos ginkluotųjų pajėgų veikimo sritį“. Pekino gynybos ministerija atmetė tokį vertinimą ir sakė, kad „Kinija nevykdo jokios karinės ekspansijos ir nesiekia įtakos sferos“. Pekinas visoje Afrikoje daug investavo į infrastruktūrą ir siekia galimybių naudotis gamtiniais ištekliais bei atverti naujas rinkas. Kinijos bankai buvo svarbūs finansuotojai vykdant mažiausiai 14 tokių projektų Džibutyje, kurių bendra vertė yra 14,4 mlrd. dolerių. Tarp šių projektų yra ir geležinkelio linija, perpus sumažinsianti kelionių iš Džibučio į Etiopijos sostinę Adis Abebą laiką. Vykdydama savo investicijų strategiją Kinija taip pat prisidėjo prie civilinių uostų, galinčių priimti kinų karinius laivus, plėtros projektų tokiose šalyse kaip Pakistanas ir Šri Lanka. Kai kurių analitikų nuomone, šiais projektais siekiama stiprinti Kinijos strateginį vaidmenį regione. Pekinas tokį susirūpinimą atmeta. Vis dėlto Kinijos valstybės kontroliuojamas laikraštis „Global Times“ trečiadienį savo vedamajame sveikino minimą kariškių pareiškimą ir neslėpė, koks yra bazės tikslas. „Tai tikrai pirmoji PLA (Liaudies išvadavimo armijos) karinio laivyno bazė užsienyje, – rašė laikraštis. – Tai ne koks tiekimo taškas komerciniam naudojimui.“

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                  • #39
                    Kinijos kompanija NORINCO pademonstravo savo APS GL5:

                    NORINCO demonstrates GL5 APS
          , 2017.08.20

                    China North Industries Group Corporation (NORINCO) has released details on a previously opaque active protection system (APS) known as the GL5.
                    The hard-kill APS was demonstrated during a live-fire display as part of NORINCO’s second ‘Armour Day’ in Bautou, Inner Mongolia. The precise configuration and method of operation was also confirmed, with the system employing a radar sensor system and grenade-type interceptor countermeasures.
                    Designed to be mounted to main battle tanks (MBTs) and other armoured fighting vehicles (AFVs), the GL5 employs four radar sensors, each covering a 90° arc. These have a detection range of approximately 100 m and an elevation angle of 20°. When seen mounted on the MBT-3000/VT-4 MBT during the live-fire demonstration, two of these sensors are positioned on the front of the turret’s roof, with a further two on the rear of the turret.


                    • #40
                      Kinija senukams tankams skiepija dirbtinį intelektą



                      • #41
                        Na kol kas ....

                        China testing unmanned tanks


                        • #42
                          Kiniečiams artilerijos pabūklų nereikia


                          • #43
                            China tested its most powerful non-nuclear weapon